# Einstein’s Tutor

On Emmy Noether’s birthday in 2022 I announced that I was writing a book about her and the impact of Noether’s Theorem, and that it would be available in September of 2024. I’m happy to say that all went well. PublicAffairs brought out the hardcover and electronic versions on September 10^{th}.

## News

*Einstein’s Tutor*

*Science*: “Phillips’s writing shines in his exhaustively researched historical narrative…Accessible to both nonscientists and trained physicists…ultimately, everyone will learn something new from this book.”

*Einstein’s Tutor*sold out on Amazon: My book about Emmy Noether and the emergence of modern physics went on sale today. Shortly after midnight, Amazon reported the book as out of stock: the pre-orders wiped out their inventory.

*Einstein’s Tutor* is up at the

*Wall Street Journal*.

*Einstein’s Tutor*: As of today we have contracts to translate the book into Russian (with distribution in Russia and the CIS), Polish (with worldwide distribution), and Simplified Chinese (with distribution in Mainland China).

*Einstein’s Tutor*is one of the Fall’s top titles: According to the Library Journal.

*Publishers Weekly*book picks (“what we’re reading”).

*Einstein’s Tutor*on Netgalley: This anonymous reviewer has nice things to say about my book.

*Einstein’s Tutor*is on The Next Big Idea Club’s list of Must-Read Books for September 2024.

*Einstein’s Tutor*to be offered by the Bookspan Book Club: It will be a main selection in Bookspan’s Library of Science and a featured alternate in their History Book Club and Military Book Club.

*Einstein’s Tutor*: Get a discount if you preorder now at the publisher’s site. Exclusions apply. Offer ends 07/17/2024.

## Emmy Noether

She was a mathematical genius born into a society where women were not permitted to study or teach in universities: Germany at the turn of the 20^{th} century. Consumed with a passion for math, she audited courses, then enrolled when the law changed to allow it, getting her PhD in 1907. She was not allowed to teach officially until the end of WWI, when she finally became a professor. Noether, a Jew, was removed from that job by the Nazis in 1933 and escaped to the United States.

Noether was one of the most important mathematicians of the 20^{th} century, remaking and inventing entire fields of mathematics. According to current research mathematicians, her methods of thinking and teaching permeate the entire discipline.

## Noether’s Theorem

Noether gave crucial assistance to Albert Einstein, guiding him to the completion of his General Theory of Relativity. This led to her publication in 1918 of what we now call Noether’s Theorem. This result, relating symmetries with conservation laws, provides the modern definition of energy and explains why energy is not conserved in the universe as a whole. Many scientists describe it as the most important result in all of theoretical physics. In the same work Noether invented the concept of the gauge theory; she also created the modern formulation of representation theory. The Standard Model, the current theory of the elementary particles, is an application of these ideas. Noether’s work, therefore, provides the foundation for most of fundamental modern physics.

## The Book

*Einstein’s Tutor* tells the story of Emmy Noether’s life, describes the role of her work in the history of science, and explains why you haven’t heard of her. It’s aimed at a general audience and contains only two tiny equations, both of which you’ve seen before.

Using original research, I describe details of Noether’s life and death that have never appeared before, and trace the passage of the ideas in her Theorem from its creation down to the present day, where it’s escaped from physics and is being applied in biology, economics, quantum computing, and more.

*Einstein’s Tutor* was released on September 10^{th}, 2024. It’s available at all decent bookstores and online retailers, including Amazon.

## More Reading

*Einstein’s Tutor*: notions of racial differences in styles of mathematical thought may be quaint and curious when Felix Klein expounds them, but they are deadly ideas.